naval vessel in the NSS fleet
One of a series from the NSS
archives at Bandeyri Koshi Malé, the Maldives
National Security Service of the Republic of Maldives have
taken delivery (March 2000) of a new Hamilton Jet powered
landing craft. Twin Model HM422 jets directly driven by MAN
diesel engines push the aluminium craft to speeds over 20
knots when fully laden." | details,
photo and technical specifications this
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weapons systems licensed for export to the NSS during
vision scopes, spares and components
set (components and spare parts)
M-16 (all models) for use in the SPG- the Special Protection
Group previously called the "Delta Force"
Dharma Chakra flies over the Maldives
under the protection of Shri Big Daddy-ji. "Indian
Ocean" took on a new meaning when the NSS Commander-in-Chief
pleaded with India for help. Indian troops were deployed
in Malè following a failed coup attempt in November
1988. Above left: a turbaned corporal and Indian warships
in Malè harbour. With "swords drawn and
bayonettes fixed", the Dharma Chakra flies at full
mast in the Maldives. Above right: With the full consent
of Maldive authorities, armed Indian troops entering
and searching Malè homes as they would in Sikkim,
Arunachal Pradesh or Kashmir.
was the third time in 500 years that the armed forces
of a government based in India was deployed in Malè.
The first was in AD 1573 when Kateeb Mohamed Thakurufan
of Utheem signed away sovereign control of the Maldives
to the Ali Raja of Cannanore in order to dislodge Andiri
Andirin, Regent to King Siri Dhirikusa Loka. The second
was when the Ali Raja attempted to re-assert this control
about 200 years later by capturing Malè and abducting
the King Siri Navaranna Keerithi.
who subscribe to the notion of a "Greater India"
may be looking forward to a day when "Divehi Raajje"
may become "Dweepa Pradesh".
permanent militia force was first established in the Maldives late
in the Sixteenth Century. By the late Nineteenth Century there were
several units of land and naval forces. Land militiamen were called
hangun and naval militiamen were called kalaaseen.
National Security Service naval unit in action against the
United Suvadive Islands Republic 1961
the reign of King-Sultan Ibrahim Nooreddine Iskander a number of
younger members of the gentry in Malè were taught the traditional
martial arts. This took place in the king's private residence Aaganduvaru,
immediately to the south of the Etherekoilu complex. The most prominent
among them were Athireegey Ahmed Didi, Galolhugey Mohamed Didi,
Roanugey Ibrahim Didi, Roanugey Mohamed Didi, Don Manikuge Ismail
Didi, Don Manikuge Abdulla Didi, Kalhiharugey Mohamed Didi and Kalhiharugey
Ahmed Didi. The instruction took place in the evenings under the
direct supervision of the king.
Sifain musketeers in the king's procession circa 1920 in the
reign of King Siri Kula Sundhura Katthiri Bavava (Sultan Mohamed
evening when the king arrived a number of the young men, under the
guidance of Don Manikuge Ismail Didi were doing foot drill. Ismail
Didi had attended an English school in Galle in Ceylon in the 1870's
and had been in a cadet corps. The king approved of the foot drill
and asked Ismail Didi to train the young men in the Western military
style. Light firearms were issued to the squad which was soon constituted
as a separate arm of the militia.
unit was called Sifain. The Sifain first took part in a public ceremony
on 20 April 1892 when they formed part of the king's procession
during the hithi festivities in the latter part of Ramadan.
Malè public had mixed feelings about the new militia. The
older units of hangun and kalaaseen felt envious. It was rumoured
that the new Sifain were so brave that they would not be scared
of anything. This was put to the test on the first evening of the
festivities. As the Sultan's procession turned west from Kembualhaa
Magu (Sosun Magu) to Meduziyaaraiy Magu a nobleman by the name of
Malin Manippulu son of Noomaraaganduvaru Faarhanaa Kilegefan held
a lighted firework over the head of a Sifain militiamen until he
was scorched. The militiaman, Private Roanugey Ibrahim Didi lived
up to expectation, but collapsed at the end of the procession and
died 16 days later.
first commanding officer of the Sifain was Don Manikuge Ismail Didi.
was derived from the Ottoman Turkish term Sipahi. Sipahi were
feudal cavalrymen in the Ottoman Empire which represented
the most important providers for the Ottoman army until the
middle of the 16th century. A sipahi was a person who had
been granted with a fief, called timar, ziamet
the end of the reign of King-Sultan Ibrahim Nooreddine Iskander
the Sifain remained the preserve of the gentry. The first commoners
to be admitted to the Sifain were Loageji Ganduvaru Medu Tuttu,
Tuttu Futhu and Addoogey Adam Maniku.
Sifain to NSS
1932 all government entities in the Maldives had Dhivehi names.
In a drive to Islamise, many of these were changed to Arabic names.
The Sifain survived in the Dhivehi form. In 1968, the Arabic was
seen as anachronistic and government entities were given English
names. Sifain escaped this transformation too. In 1970 someone noticed
this anomaly and the Sifain were given a more "civilised"
name, the National Security Guard (NSG). The headquarters of the
Sifain had been called Sifainge. The Sifainge sign was soon unceremoniously
hauled down and the following sign installed.
reads "Neysanal Sekiyuritee Gaadunge Depoa". This proved
to be rather unfortunate. Maldivians had difficulty pronouncing
the consonant p when it was placed in certain syllables. The p of
the depot was pronounced as an f, with rather embarrasing results
in Dhivehi. Consequently, the depot sign was hauled down more unceremoniously
than the Sifainge sign. Once more the Sifain was renamed, and in
a hurry, to nip any lasting stigma in the bud. Thus the National
Security Service (NSS) and its Headquarters came into being.
about the late 1950's the Sifain undertook only a ceremonial military
role. Since then the Sifain have taken on many other duties. Today
the National Security Service is the paramilitary police, defence,
presidential bodyguard, immigration and emigration documentation,
border control, intelligence, espionage and civil defence organ
of the Maldives regime.
officers of the National Security Service. The officer wearing
the ceremonial sword is General Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, the
most decorated soldier in the history of the NSS.
Photographer: Yaasin Hameed 21 April 1992
here to enlarge)
following is an extract from a recent article
on the Internet: [This
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"According to the Amnesty International Reports from 1992-2001,
the National Security Service of the Maldives continues to detain
several prisoners of conscience and possible prisoners of conscience
and conditions of detention amounted to cruel,
inhuman and degrading treatment. The National Security Service
has an open warrant, as a matter of practice, for arrest, search
and seizure and to censor, intercept, read, listen or to divulge
all forms of private communications among the members of the public,
including letters, messages, telephone conversations, electronic
mail, data and so on".
armed National Security Service naval vessel arrives in Naifaru
in Faadhippolhu Atoll to quell civil unrest in August 2001
here to see a related story in another site.
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in the site. Query your ISP]